Governance and management are the two interrelated functions essential to organizational performance. Governance bodies set the policies and guidelines, and management organizations implement them, and in the modern era, do the monitoring and analysis needed to inform governance decisions.Wherever governance functions are located,599 they require a professional management unit to
carry out day-to-day administrative work. Governance increasingly involves tracking and analyzing system performance, identifying problems, proposing remedies and all that is needed to support the governance body’s deliberations. Council members or the SCC operate much like corporate boards of directors and oversee without directly engaging in managerial work. Without well-organized management units, the governance bodies (whose members are rarely managers) will be unable to operate effectively, will lack information on internal operations, and be uncertain as to whether their decisions are correctly implemented. Also, emerging problems
may go undetected and proposed remedies will be insufficiently analyzed.